Overall it is thought that 4% of young adults are infected with chlamydia, and the likelihood of contracting chlamydia from a positive partner is estimated to be between 30–50% per sexual act.
Chlamydia can infect the rectum, eyes or throat if you have unprotected anal or oral sex. If infected semen or vaginal fluid comes into contact with the eyes you can also develop conjunctivitis.
In infants with chlamydia, eye infections occur in about 30% to 50% of babies born to infected mothers, and the infection usually occurs within 2 weeks of delivery. If the infection isn't treated in time, it can lead to scarring of the cornea and permanent damage to vision. About 5% to 20% of babies born to infected mothers will get pneumonia, usually within 2 to 12 weeks after delivery. The chlamydial pneumonia can cause anything from mild symptoms to breathing problems that include a repetitive cough.
Without early treatment, women and girls can get infections in their cervix, uterus (womb) and fallopian tubes. This is called pelvic inflammatory disease.
Pelvic inflammatory diseasecan cause infertility as it damages the fallopian tubes, preventing fertilisation of the egg. It can also stop a fertilised egg from travelling along the fallopian tube, causing the egg to grow in the fallopian tube instead of the uterus. This is called an ectopic pregnancy and can be fatal if not treated early with emergency surgery.
If the infection is not found and treated early, men can develop prostatitis (infection and swelling of the prostate gland), epididymo-orchitis (infection in the sperm-conducting tubes and testicles) and infertility.
Infertility is usually defined as not being able to get pregnant despite trying for 12 months. However, it can take a normal, healthy couple 12 to 18 months to conceive.
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In chronic carrier states: 1-2 times per day for 10-14 days. If required,
a drainage program can be added to prevent intoxication.
The criteria for recovery is:
• the disappearance of clinical symptoms,
• the negative PCR results.
PCR examination should be carried out not less than 3-4 weeks after treatment due to the possibility of obtaining false positive results due to the potential retention of devitalized microorganisms or their remnants.
Detection of chlamydia by a control after this deadline requires repetition of the course of therapy for 2 weeks. It is appropriate to conduct laboratory examination before and after treatment in the same laboratory, using the same diagnostic tests.